John Butterfield- Was a visionary developer of the nation’s transportation and communication networks. In Utica in 1850, Butterfield was a founder and vice president of the American Express Company with Henry Wells of New York City as president of W.G. Fargo of Buffalo. The company consolidated several businesses that shipped freight on the railroad from New York City to Buffalo. John Butterfield’s Overland Mail Co. received a contract from the U.S. Congress in 1857 to carry mail 2,800 miles from St. Louis to San Francisco via a southern route through Arkansas, Texas, Arizona and along the coast of California to San Francisco. Butterfield was instrumental in the development of the New York, Albany and Buffalo Telegraph Company. Butterfield served as mayor of Utica in 1865.